Spear on foot

Spear – Posta Dente di Zenghiaro (Boars Tusk guard)

Folio 40 r. a

Translation

We are three left side guards, and I am the first in Dente di Zenghiaro (Boars Tusk). Those that were on the right side, we do the same on the reverse. We pass off the line, first of all by advancing the foot that is in front. And we easily make our thrusts from the reverse side. Both the right and left sides beat and finish with a thrust, because other attacks with the spear should not follow.

Interpretation

The master in Posta Dente di Zenghiaro with a spear is a mirror image of Posta Tutta Porta di Ferro. The spear is held vertically with the left hand uppermost on the spear shaft, while the right foot is forward in a rear weighted stance.

As with all the masters of spear on foot, this uses the universal defence of sliding the front foot off the centreline and sweeping the weapon across the body. Step through with your left foot as you do so, landing in Posta Breve la Serpentina. You will be perfectly placed to deliver a thrust into your opponents chest or face.

Although not mentioned here, you could also easily drop into Posta Vera Crose and deliver a short thrust with the spear butt if your opponent moved in too close and carelessly.

Nomenclature not being Fiores strongest point, the naming of this posta is a little unusual. Stating he is in Posta Dente di Zenghiaro, this master bears no resemblance to the corresponding posta from sword in two hands, spear vs horseback, or 6th master of horse. It seems to be given its name by virtue of being the opposite to Posta Tutta Porta di Ferro.

Spear on foot

Spear – Counter to the scholar of the first 3 masters

Folio 39 v. d

Translation

This is the counter to the three masters of the spear, which finished with the last play. When the masters believe my spear is pushed out of the way, I turn my spear back and strike with the butt, which has a good iron tip. The plays of these masters give me little trouble.

Interpretation

Having made a thrust at your opponent, they have stepped offline, sweeping your spear point to the side. They are attempting to counter your attack with a stab to the face as shown by the scholar of the first 3 masters.

As your spear head is carried to the right, add to its momentum and drive the butt of your spear up through the centreline. Slide you right foot back to get the distancing correct. As you do this, slide you right hand up to the near the spear head, and swing your hand to your right shoulder.

Step through with your left foot. Slide your left hand to the middle of the spear shaft. This will leave you with around a metre of spear shaft extending past your left hand to counter with. Use the anchoring of your front foot against the ground to drive the upward snap of your left hand needed to knock your opponents spear over your right shoulder. Use the pivoting of you hips to then push the spear butt into your opponents face. This should all be done as a single movement and ends in the moment shown in the picture.

It is worth noting that in the picture, the counter master has turned their right hand so that both thumbs face toward the centre. This gives a slightly slower movement than described above and also disengages the spear from your core. Such a grip means that functionally, neither end of the spear is the head. It tends to more defensive movements.

Spear on foot

Spear – Scholar of the first 3 masters

Folio 39 v. c

Translation

The three guards that are drawn above, that is, the tutta porta di ferro, the mezza porta di ferro and posta di fenestra, should all finish in this play, which is their art. Like this I strike for them.

Interpretation

The minimalist style which characterises armizare is most fully realised by the scholars of the spear. Regardless of which posta you come from, slide your front foot offline, and sweep your spear across your body as you step through. There is no need to push it off to the side. You are better off using the spear to control the centre line and stepping around it. This will make for a fast, tight movement.

With your weapon now dominating the centre, the spear should be aimed directly at your opponents face. As your right foot lands, extend your arms, driving the point into them as shown.

Such a beat and stab is a form of exchanging the thrust. You will see similar examples being used with two handed weapons in the following plays.

  • Sword in two hands – 8th scholar of the 2nd master
  • Sword in armour – Master play and 1st scholar
  • Spear – Scholar to the second 3 masters
Spear on foot

Spear – Posta di Fenestra Destra (Window Guard on the Right)

Folio 39 v. a

Translation

I am the noble Posta di Fenestra Destra (Window Guard on the right), and for beating and wounding I am always ready, and I care little against a long spear. Also, with a sword, I could wait for the long spear standing in this guard, which beats aside and obstructs every thrust. And I can exchange the thrust, and beat to the ground without fail. I want to finish in the play that is after this.

Explanation

Posta di Fenestra translates easily across the different weapons of armizare. It is used not only with the spear, but also the sword in one hand, sword in two hands and pollaxe. It can be used equally well on either side of the body.

With the left foot forward and in a rear weighted stance, hold the spear in much the same way as you would a sword. The left hand is at the base of the spear shaft, with the right hand on top. Fiore shows holding the weapon quite a long way down the shaft. The closer your right hand sits to the balance point, the less reach, but more control you have. Your right hand should rest next to your ear.

This posta is ideally suited to exchanging or breaking the thrust. In beating aside incoming attacks, slide the front foot offline and step through with the back. Cut down and across with your arms, but keep the head of the spear as still as possible. This will give you much greater control and balance, as well as leaving you well placed to deliver a counter strike.

Spear on foot

Spear – Posta Mezza Porta di Ferro (Middle Iron Gate)

Folio 39 r. c

Translation

I am positioned in Mezza Porta di Ferro (Middle Iron Gate) with the spear. Beating and wounding is always my custom. Come whoever wants. With a short spear or staff, the beat with a step will not fail to wound, and all guards which step off line with short spear and short sword are enough when facing any long hand held weapon. And those which cover from the right, cover with a pass and a thrust. And the guards on the left side cover, beat and injure with a strike but cannot thrust well.

Explanation

In the description of the Spear Posta Tutta Porta di Ferro, Fiore makes it very clear that the spear postas are just sword postas used in a different context. This is interesting in Posta Mezza Porta di Ferro, because when this posta is used with a sword, the right foot is forward and the point is on the centerline. By leading with the left foot here, the spear point has to swing off to the right. Functionally, this stance more closely resembles Sword Posta Tutta Porta di Ferro.

Regardless of nomenclature, all Fiore spear posta hold the point offline. As he points out here, all his spears and any relatively short weapon all make the same initial defence.

Slide your front foot off to the side. Beat the opposing spear point to the side while passing your back foot to the front. You will now be able to deliver a counter thrust of your own.

Spear on foot

Spear – Posta Tutta Porta di Ferro (Full Iron Gate guard)

Folio 39 r. a

Translation

We are three masters in guards with our spears, and they are based on those of the sword. And I am the first in Tutta Porta di Ferro (Full Iron Gate). I am placed to quickly beat the spear of the player, that is, I pass with the right foot and traverse off the line and in doing so, his spear will be beaten to the left. If I pass and beat in a single step, I will wound. This is something I cannot fail to do.

Explanation

Holding the spear vertically with the point up, the First Master waits in Posta Tutta Porta di Ferro to sweep and counter any incoming attack. The length of the spear means the sweep will cover the entire body in a single move, something like a sliding door, and can then smoothly rotate into a counter thrust, either high or low depending on circumstances.

Alternatively, the master can rotate the spear into Posta Vera Crose and make a relatively close range attack with a butt strike.